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季恒, 谭为康, 巫桐雨, 舒文雅, 吴啸, 亚晓旭, 纪昌春, 王欣君, 韩玉龙. 针刺疗法的力学基础[J]. 应用数学和力学, 2024, 45(6): 803-822. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.450132
引用本文: 季恒, 谭为康, 巫桐雨, 舒文雅, 吴啸, 亚晓旭, 纪昌春, 王欣君, 韩玉龙. 针刺疗法的力学基础[J]. 应用数学和力学, 2024, 45(6): 803-822. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.450132
JI Heng, TAN Weikang, WU Tongyu, SHU Wenya, WU Xiao, YA Xiaoxu, JI Changchun, WANG Xinjun, HAN Yulong. The Mechanics Basis of Acupuncture Therapy[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2024, 45(6): 803-822. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.450132
Citation: JI Heng, TAN Weikang, WU Tongyu, SHU Wenya, WU Xiao, YA Xiaoxu, JI Changchun, WANG Xinjun, HAN Yulong. The Mechanics Basis of Acupuncture Therapy[J]. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2024, 45(6): 803-822. doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.450132

针刺疗法的力学基础

doi: 10.21656/1000-0887.450132
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 32271296

国家自然科学基金 12202193

国家自然科学基金 82074560

针药结合教育部重点实验室开放课题 zykf202308

详细信息
    作者简介:

    季恒(2000—),男,硕士生(E-mail: jiheng0012@163.com)

    亚晓旭(1988—),男,主治医师,硕士(E-mail: jamesyxx@163.com)

    纪昌春(1984—),男,副主任医师,博士,硕士生导师(E-mail: doctor612526@126.com)

    通讯作者:

    王欣君(1977—),男,副主任医师,博士,硕士生导师(通讯作者. E-mail: nj_drwang@163.com)

    韩玉龙(1988—),男,教授,博士,博士生导师(通讯作者. E-mail: hanyulong@nuaa.edu.cn)

  • (我刊青年编委韩玉龙来稿)
  • 中图分类号: O34;Q66

The Mechanics Basis of Acupuncture Therapy

  • (Contributed by HAN Yulong, M.AMM Youth Editorial Board)
  • 摘要:

    针刺疗法的有效性已被大量研究证实,许多国家将其纳入医疗系统. 但是,针刺疗法的发展仍存在一些挑战,如针刺过程定量化方法缺乏、针刺技术传承困难、穴位定位精确度不足等. 随着近年来多学科交叉的发展,尤其是工程科学与医学的结合,为解决针刺技术中存在的问题提供了新的思路和方法. 该文综述了针刺技术中力学核心要素的历史发展,包括力学刺激工具(针具)、针刺过程(刺入及行针阶段)和力学刺激对象(穴位)三个部分. 通过对这三个力学要素的剖析,总结了其对针刺过程和治疗效果的定量化研究及影响. 同时,梳理了在针刺量化研究中的力学实验及模型,深化了对针刺过程的理解. 总结了针刺机器人前沿的研究成果,及其在提升针刺技术传承、推动针灸国际化进程中的作用. 最后,展望了针刺力学研究的发展方向.

    (Contributed by HAN Yulong, M.AMM Youth Editorial Board)
    1)  (我刊青年编委韩玉龙来稿)
  • 图  1  力学刺激工具的历史演变

    Figure  1.  The historical evolution of mechanical stimulation tools

    图  2  行针手法示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of acupuncture manipulations

    图  3  内关穴示意图[38]

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of the neiguan acupoint[38]

    图  4  不同几何形状针头对应的载荷-位移图[40]

    Figure  4.  Load-displacement diagrams corresponding to needles with different geometric shapes[40]

    图  5  温针灸

    Figure  5.  The warm acupuncture and moxibustion

    图  6  不同针灸测量手段原理及数据图[69, 74-75]

    Figure  6.  The principle and data chart of different acupuncture measurement methods[69, 74-75]

    图  7  针刺过程的基本阶段[40, 76]

    Figure  7.  Basic stages of the needle insertion[40, 76]

    图  8  针刺机器人的样机与原理图[97, 104]

    Figure  8.  The robot prototype and the schematic diagram[97, 104]

    表  1  辅助行针手法近代历史演变[29]

    Table  1.   The modern historical evolution of auxiliary acupuncture manipulations[29]

    time
    1961 1964 1975 1979 1997 2016
    auxiliary acupuncture nipulations nail scratching needle-handle needle-handle needle-handle needle-handle needle-handle needle-handle
    scraping manipulation scraping manipulation scraping manipulation scraping manipulation scraping manipulation scraping manipulation
    knocking needle-handle plucking manipulation plucking manipulation plucking manipulation plucking manipulation plucking manipulation plucking manipulation
    sticking and vibrating manipulation
    zhixun manipulation xun manipulation xun manipulation
    needle-twisting manipulation
    shaking-handle manipulation shaking manipulation
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2024-05-10
  • 修回日期:  2024-06-13
  • 刊出日期:  2024-06-01

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